Rohtas Fort – A symbol of Determination and Strength
Rohtas Fort is a symbol of the determination and strength of its builder, Sher Shah Srui. The fort, 12 km in circumference, is located 98 km from Islamabad
in a gorge 16 km North West of Jhelum. This huge fort has 12 gates, 4 palaces, 68 towers, 3 deep wells and 12 – 18 meters high/3 – 5 meters thick fortification walls.
The construction of the fort started in 1543 and took over three years to complete. The original intent in building the fort was to block possible entry of
the Mughal Emperor Humayun, who after his defeat had fled to Iran. The second objective was to punish and defeat the turbulent Gakkhars who had control of the
valley and were allies of the Mughals. The fort could not have been more strategically located – protected as it was by ravines and the river Kahan. However,
it lost its importance as a frontier garrison when Akbar built the great fort at Attock on the Indus in the 1850s.